Research

Bottle of donor stool
Jake Harper

Three weeks ago, James Kidwell, 57, lay in a bed at IU Health University Hospital, waiting to receive a procedure he hoped would beat back an invasion of harmful bacteria called Clostridium difficile, or C-diff, in his colon.

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research lab
USDA/CC

Last fall the National Institutes of Health announced it has given out roughly $10 million in research funding aimed at correcting gender imbalance in medical research. It's not the gender gap among the researchers themselves that's at stake here, rather a bias toward conducting research with male cell lines, lab animals and study subjects.

Vaccines May Make War On Cancer Personal

Dec 1, 2014

In the near future, physicians may treat some cancer patients with personalized vaccines that spur their immune systems to attack malignant tumors. New research led by scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis has brought the approach one step closer to reality.

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Most cancer deaths occur because of metastasis, yet progress in preventing and treating migratory cancer cells has been slow.

“It’s been particularly challenging to design drugs that work against metastasis,” said Taran Gujral, research fellow in systems biology at Harvard Medical School. “Unfortunately, many cancers aren’t detected until after they’ve already metastasized.”

Genetic Screening Could Reduce Number Of Breast Cancer Cases

Oct 31, 2014
Susana Fernandez/Flickr.com

Should every newborn baby girl be genetically screened for breast-cancer risk? That isn’t cost-effective — yet. But if it were, would it be worthwhile?

A previous study said no. But in a paper published Oct. 23 in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, researchers at the School of Medicine suggest otherwise.

Thyroid Cancer Genome Analysis Finds Markers Of Aggressive Tumors

Oct 24, 2014
University of Michigan Health System

A new comprehensive analysis of thyroid cancer from The Cancer Genome Atlas Research Network has identified markers of aggressive tumors, which could allow for better targeting of appropriate treatments to individual patients.

The finding suggests the potential to reclassify the disease based on genetic markers and moves thyroid 

cancer into a position to benefit more from precision medicine.

An unusual government moratorium aimed at controversial research with high-risk viruses has halted important public health research, scientists told an advisory committee to the federal government on Wednesday.

Decoy Drug Allows Brains Of Adult Mice To Form New Connections

Oct 17, 2014
Norbert von der Groeben

At critical times in the brain’s development, windows open for neurons to reach out and form new 

connections. The language window, for example, is open for a time to allow kids to learn multiple languages and speak them like a native. Then it mostly closes, leaving adults fumbling for words and unable to roll their R’s.

Whether they admit it or not, many (if not most) scientists secretly hope to get a call in October informing them they've won a Nobel Prize.

But I've talked to a lot of Nobel laureates, and they are unanimous on one point: None of them pursued a research topic with the intention of winning the prize.

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